Get to Know the Different Types of Weed: A Beginner’s Guide to Cannabis Strains

Whether you’re using it for medicinal or recreational purposes, understanding the different types of weed and their effects is essential. When it comes to cannabis, there are many different types, strains, and varieties to choose from.  In this article, we’ll explore the most common types of weed and their characteristics.

The two main types of cannabis plants are Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Sativa strains tend to have a more uplifting and energizing effect, while Indica strains are known for their calming and relaxing properties. Hybrid strains combine sativa and indica, offering a balanced mix of effects.

It’s important to note that the effects of different strains can vary widely based on factors such as the individual’s tolerance, method of consumption, and dosage. Additionally, the concentration of cannabinoids such as THC and CBD can also play a role in the effects of a particular strain. With that in mind, let’s dive into the different types of weeds and what sets them apart.

Different Types of Weed

Understanding Weed

What is Weed?

Weed, also known as cannabis, marijuana, or pot, is a plant that contains psychoactive compounds that can alter the user’s mood and behavior. The plant has been used for medicinal and recreational purposes for thousands of years.

Cannabis contains over 100 active compounds called cannabinoids, with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) being the most well-known. THC is the primary psychoactive compound responsible for the “high” associated with cannabis use, while CBD has been found to have potential therapeutic benefits.

History of Weed

The use of cannabis dates back to ancient times, with evidence of its use found in China as early as 5000 BC. Cannabis was also used in India for medicinal and spiritual purposes and eventually made its way to the Middle East and Africa.

In the United States, cannabis was widely used for medicinal purposes in the 19th century. However, it was later criminalized in the early 20th century due to political and social factors.

Today, cannabis is legal for medicinal or recreational use in many states in the US, as well as in several countries around the world. However, it remains illegal under federal law in the US, and its use is still controversial worldwide.

Understanding weed’s history and cultural significance can help us better appreciate its role in society and its potential benefits and drawbacks.

Weed Varieties

Regarding weed varieties, there are three main types: Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid. Each of these types has unique characteristics that affect the way they affect the body and mind.


Indica strains are known for their relaxing and sedative effects on the body. They often help with anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Indica strains typically have higher levels of CBD and lower levels of THC, which produces a calming and soothing effect. Some popular Indica strains include Purple Kush, Northern Lights, and Bubba Kush.


Sativa strains are known for their energizing and uplifting effects on the mind. They are often used to help with depression, fatigue, and ADHD. Sativa strains typically have higher levels of THC and lower levels of CBD, which produces a cerebral and euphoric effect. Some popular Sativa strains include Sour Diesel, Jack Herer, and Green Crack.


Hybrid strains are a combination of Indica and Sativa strains, and they can have a wide range of effects depending on the specific strain. Hybrid strains are often used to help with various issues, including anxiety, depression, and chronic pain. Some popular Hybrid strains include Blue Dream, Girl Scout Cookies, and OG Kush.

In conclusion, understanding the different types of weed varieties is essential when choosing which strain is right for you. Whether you’re looking for a relaxing and calming effect or an energizing and uplifting effect, there is a strain out there that can help. As always, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before using any weed for medicinal purposes.

Weed Consumption Methods

When it comes to consuming weed, there are several methods available. Each method has its pros and cons, and it’s essential to understand them before deciding which one to use. In this section, we’ll discuss the most popular weed consumption methods.


Smoking is the most common method of consuming weed. It involves burning the dried flowers and inhaling the smoke. The effects of smoking weed are almost instantaneous, making it a popular choice for recreational users. However, smoking can harm your lungs, and it’s not the best option for medical users.


Vaping is a newer method of consuming weed that has gained popularity in recent years. It involves heating the weed to a temperature that vaporizes the active ingredients without burning the plant material. Vaping is considered a healthier alternative to smoking because it produces less harmful chemicals. However, it can be expensive to start vaping, and the effects may take longer to kick in.


Edibles are food products that are infused with weed. They are a popular choice for medical users because they provide long-lasting effects. Edibles can take up to two hours to take effect, so it’s essential to start with a small dose and wait before consuming more. It’s also crucial to be careful with dosing, as it’s easy to consume too much and have an unpleasant experience.


Topicals are lotions, balms, and oils that are infused with weed. They are applied directly to the skin and are famous for their pain-relieving properties. Topicals do not produce a psychoactive effect, making them an excellent option for people who want the therapeutic benefits of weed without the high. However, topicals are not as effective for treating anxiety or depression.

In conclusion, there are several methods of consuming weed, each with advantages and disadvantages. It’s essential to consider your needs and preferences before deciding which method to use. Remember to start with a small dose and wait before consuming more, especially with edibles.

Medical Marijuana

Medical marijuana, also known as medicinal cannabis, is a form of marijuana that is used to treat certain medical conditions. It effectively manages symptoms of various illnesses, including chronic pain, nausea, and seizures.


Medical marijuana has several benefits, including:

  • Pain relief: Medical marijuana is known for its pain-relieving properties. It can help manage chronic pain caused by arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and cancer.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Medical marijuana can help reduce nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other cancer treatments.
  • Seizures: Medical marijuana effectively reduces the frequency and severity of seizures in people with epilepsy.
  • Anxiety and depression: Medical marijuana can help manage symptoms of anxiety and depression by promoting relaxation and reducing stress.


While medical marijuana has several benefits, it also comes with certain risks, including:

  • Addiction: Like any other substance, medical marijuana can be addictive. It can lead to dependence and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Impaired judgment: Medical marijuana can impair judgment and coordination, making it dangerous to operate heavy machinery or drive.
  • Lung damage: Smoking medical marijuana can cause lung damage and increase the risk of respiratory infections.
  • Psychosis: In some cases, medical marijuana can cause psychosis, characterized by hallucinations and delusions.

It is important to note that medical marijuana is not legal in all states, and it should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Recreational Marijuana

Recreational marijuana, also known as adult-use marijuana, is cannabis that is used for non-medical purposes. In many states and countries, it is legal for adults to use marijuana recreationally. In this section, we will discuss the effects of recreational marijuana and its legality.


Recreational marijuana can have a variety of effects on the body and mind. The effects depend on the strain of marijuana, the method of consumption, and the individual’s tolerance. Some common effects of recreational marijuana include:

  • Relaxation
  • Euphoria
  • Increased appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Red eyes
  • Impaired coordination and reaction time

It is important to note that the effects of marijuana can vary significantly from person to person. Some people may experience adverse side effects, such as anxiety or paranoia, while others may not feel any effects at all.


The legality of recreational marijuana varies by state and country. In the United States, several states have legalized recreational marijuana, including California, Colorado, and Washington. However, marijuana is still illegal under federal law.

In countries like Canada and Uruguay, recreational marijuana is legal nationwide. Other countries, such as the Netherlands and Portugal, have decriminalized marijuana, meaning that possession of small amounts is not punishable by law.

It is essential to understand the laws regarding recreational marijuana in your area before using it. Even in states and countries where it is legal, there may be restrictions on where and how it can be consumed.

Weed Cultivation

When it comes to growing weed, there are two main types of cultivation: indoor and outdoor. Each method has advantages and disadvantages, and the choice between them will depend on various factors such as climate, space, and personal preference.


Indoor cultivation involves growing weeds in a controlled environment, typically inside a tent or a dedicated grow room. This method allows for precise control over temperature, humidity, light, and other environmental factors, leading to higher yields and better-quality buds. It also allows for year-round cultivation, regardless of the outdoor climate.

However, indoor cultivation can be more expensive and time-consuming than outdoor cultivation. Setting up a grow room requires an initial investment in equipment such as grow lights, ventilation systems, and hydroponic setups. Additionally, indoor cultivation can require more attention and maintenance, as growers must regularly monitor and adjust environmental conditions.


Outdoor cultivation involves growing weeds in natural sunlight, typically in a garden or a field. This method is often more affordable and less labor-intensive than indoor cultivation, as growers do not need to invest in equipment or monitor environmental conditions as closely. It also allows for larger plants and potentially higher yields, as plants can grow to their full potential in the natural environment.

However, outdoor cultivation is limited by the climate and growing season. Plants may be vulnerable to pests, diseases, and weather conditions like frost, hail, or drought. Additionally, outdoor cultivation can be more challenging to keep discreet, as plants may be visible to neighbors or passersby.

Overall, the choice between indoor and outdoor cultivation will depend on various factors such as budget, space, climate, and personal preference. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages, and growers should consider their options before deciding which one to pursue.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the differences between indica and sativa strains?

Indica and sativa strains have different physical characteristics and effects. Indica strains are known for their relaxing and sedative effects, while sativa strains are known for their energizing and uplifting effects. Indica strains tend to have a higher CBD to THC ratio, while sativa strains tend to have a higher THC to CBD ratio.

What are the most popular OG strains?

OG strains are a type of cannabis strain that originated in California. Some of the most popular OG strains include OG Kush, Skywalker OG, and Fire OG. These strains are known for their potent effects and unique flavor profiles.

What are the effects of sativa strains?

Sativa strains are known for their uplifting and energizing effects. They can help improve focus, creativity, and productivity. Sativa strains are often used during the day, as they can help provide a boost of energy and motivation.

What are some common hybrid strains?

Hybrid strains are a mix of both indica and sativa strains. Some common hybrid strains include Blue Dream, Girl Scout Cookies, and Pineapple Express. These strains can provide a balance of both relaxing and energizing effects.

What are the benefits of using different types of weed in agriculture?

Different types of weed can be used for different purposes in agriculture. For example, indica strains can be used for pain relief and relaxation, while sativa strains can be used for energy and focus. Hybrid strains can be used for a balance of both. Additionally, CBD strains can be used for medicinal purposes, as they do not produce the psychoactive effects of THC.

What are the main characteristics of indica, sativa, and hybrid strains?

Indica strains are known for their relaxing and sedative effects, while sativa strains are known for their energizing and uplifting effects. Hybrid strains provide a balance of both. Additionally, CBD strains can be used for medicinal purposes, as they do not produce the psychoactive effects of THC.


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